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Earth Science

Explore the field of earth science, which is any of the sciences that deal with the earth or with one or more of its parts. Also known as geoscience, earth science is a broad field that can be divided into many disciplines. The four main branches, however, are geology, meteorology, oceanography, and astronomy. Those who work in these fields frequently use their research to support environmental and conservation efforts.

Geologists study the composition of earth’s materials, structures, and processes, as well as the organisms of the planet and how the planet has changed over time. As part of their work, they may search for fossil fuels and minerals or study volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. Meteorologists study the earth’s atmosphere and how it affects the weather and climate. Oceanographers study the earth’s oceans, including their composition, movement, and processes.

Astronomy, or the study of the universe, is considered to be an earth science because what occurs in space affects the world. For example, the moon controls the ocean tides, energy from the sun affects all of life on earth and dictates our seasons, and asteroid impacts have played a major role in the planet’s history.

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Earth Science Resources

Gale provides scholarly earth science resources, including databasesprimary source archives, and eBooks.


Gale databases offer researchers access to credible, up-to-date content from earth science publications.

Primary Source Archives

Gale Primary Sources offers earth science archives and collections that provide researchers with firsthand content.

Gale eBooks

Gale offers a variety of eBooks covering a wide range of earth science topics, including mapping, experiments, geology, and more. Users can add Gale eBooks to a customized collection and cross-search to pinpoint relevant content. Workflow tools help users easily share, save, and download content.

  • A Look at Earth’s Rocks: What Are Minerals?, 1st Edition

    A Look at Earth’s Rocks: What Are Minerals?, 1st Edition

    Gareth Stevens Publishing | 2018 | ISBN-13: 9781482462432

    Minerals are an essential part of the earth science curriculum since silicate minerals make up more than 90 percent of Earth’s crust! In order to understand this fact, though, students need to know the difference between minerals and rocks, how minerals form, and how minerals are structured. This book breaks down these topics and more in simple, clear language ideal for struggling readers or those looking to review an important topic. Fact boxes elaborate on difficult concepts and define scientific terms, complementing the main content’s curriculum focus and full-color photographs of common minerals.

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  • Environmental Science Experiments Sourcebook, 1st Edition

    Environmental Science Experiments Sourcebook, 1st Edition

    Science Experiment Sourcebooks | 2015 | ISBN-13: 9781438162881

    Environmental Science Experiments Sourcebook features approximately 50 experiments on topics such as pollution and recycling, along with analysis and findings. Part of the Science Experiment Sourcebooks series, these hands-on, user-friendly experiments for middle and high school students meet national science standards, require readily available materials, communicate directions clearly to student and teacher, and relate the activities performed to real-life situations.

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  • Map Basics: All About Climate Maps, 1st Edition

    Map Basics: All About Climate Maps, 1st Edition

    Gareth Stevens Publishing | 2019 | ISBN-13: 9781538230565

    What's the average temperature in Honolulu in July? How much snow should you expect if you visit Minneapolis in January? As students read All About Climate Maps, they'll gain an understanding of the basics of climate and weather and learn how to identify climate zones. Comparing a series of climate maps of the same location in different years will help identify patterns and changes in the weather and precipitation. Interpreting maps of different locations will allow students to compare and contrast the climates. After reading climate maps of a chosen area, students will do an activity to apply what they've learned.

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  • The Study of Science: Geology, 1st Edition

    The Study of Science: Geology, 1st Edition

    Britannica Digital Learning | 2017 | ISBN-13: 9781508103523

    Geology is the study of the history, structure, and composition of the solid Earth and of the past and present processes that act on it. It encompasses mineralogy and stratigraphy, and includes disciplines such as geophysics and geochemistry. This volume focuses on Earth's composition, including mineralogy and crystallography; igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic petrology; economic geology; and geochemistry. It investigates Earth's structure, which concerns geophysics, structural geology, tectonics, volcanology, and geodesy. Earth's surface features and processes are also explored. Historical geology, stratigraphy, paleontology, astrogeology, and geological applications such as earthquake prediction and control complete this informative resource.

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Resources to Boost Your Research

From trending social issues to classic literature, Gale resources have you covered. Explore overviews, statistics, essay topics, and more or log in through your library to find even more content.

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